第七章 鼠标(CHECKER4)

图片 1图片 2

  1 /*---------------------------------------------
  2 CHECKER4.C -- Mouse Hit-Test Demo Program No.4
  3               (c) Charles Petzold, 1998
  4 --------------------------------------------*/
  5 
  6 #include <Windows.h>
  7 
  8 #define DIVISIONS 5
  9 
 10 LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM);
 11 LRESULT CALLBACK ChildWndProc(HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM);
 12 
 13 int idFocus = 0;
 14 TCHAR szChildClass[] = TEXT("Checker4_Child");
 15 
 16 int WINAPI WinMain( __in HINSTANCE hInstance
 17                     , __in_opt HINSTANCE hPrevInstance
 18                     , __in LPSTR lpCmdLine
 19                     , __in int nShowCmd )
 20 {
 21     static TCHAR szAppName[] = TEXT("Checker4");
 22     HWND hwnd;
 23     MSG msg;
 24     WNDCLASS wndclass;
 25 
 26     wndclass.style = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW;
 27     wndclass.lpfnWndProc = WndProc;
 28     wndclass.cbClsExtra = 0;
 29     wndclass.cbWndExtra = 0;
 30     wndclass.hInstance = hInstance;
 31     wndclass.hIcon = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
 32     wndclass.hCursor = LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW);
 33     wndclass.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH)GetStockObject(WHITE_BRUSH);
 34     wndclass.lpszMenuName = NULL;
 35     wndclass.lpszClassName = szAppName;
 36 
 37     if (!RegisterClass(&wndclass))
 38     {
 39         MessageBox(NULL, TEXT("Program requires Windows NT!")
 40             , szAppName, MB_ICONERROR);
 41         return 0;
 42     }
 43 
 44     wndclass.lpfnWndProc = ChildWndProc;
 45     wndclass.cbWndExtra = sizeof(long);
 46     wndclass.hIcon = NULL;
 47     wndclass.lpszClassName = szChildClass;
 48 
 49     RegisterClass(&wndclass);
 50 
 51     hwnd = CreateWindow(szAppName, TEXT("Checker4 Mouse Hit-Test Demo")
 52         , WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW
 53         , CW_USEDEFAULT, CW_USEDEFAULT
 54         , CW_USEDEFAULT, CW_USEDEFAULT
 55         , NULL, NULL, hInstance, NULL);
 56 
 57     ShowWindow(hwnd, nShowCmd);
 58     UpdateWindow(hwnd);
 59 
 60     while (GetMessage(&msg, NULL, 0, 0))
 61     {
 62         TranslateMessage(&msg);
 63         DispatchMessage(&msg);
 64     }
 65 
 66     return msg.wParam;
 67 }
 68 
 69 LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND hwnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
 70 {
 71     static HWND hwndChild[DIVISIONS][DIVISIONS];
 72     int cxBlock, cyBlock, x, y;
 73 
 74     switch (message)
 75     {
 76     case WM_CREATE:
 77         for (x = 0; x != DIVISIONS; ++x)
 78             for (y = 0; y != DIVISIONS; ++y)
 79             {
 80                 hwndChild[x][y] = CreateWindow(szChildClass, NULL
 81                     , WS_CHILDWINDOW | WS_VISIBLE
 82                     , 0, 0, 0, 0
 83                     , hwnd, (HMENU)(y << 8 | x)
 84                     , (HINSTANCE)GetWindowLong(hwnd, GWL_HINSTANCE), NULL);
 85             }
 86         return 0;
 87 
 88     case WM_SIZE:
 89         cxBlock = LOWORD(lParam) / DIVISIONS;
 90         cyBlock = HIWORD(lParam) / DIVISIONS;
 91 
 92         for (x = 0; x != DIVISIONS; ++x)
 93             for (y = 0; y != DIVISIONS; ++y)
 94             {
 95                 MoveWindow(hwndChild[x][y]
 96                     , x * cxBlock, y * cyBlock
 97                     , cxBlock, cyBlock, TRUE);
 98             }
 99         return 0;
100 
101     case WM_LBUTTONDOWN:
102         MessageBeep(0);
103         return 0;
104 
105         //on set-focus message, set focus to child window
106     case WM_SETFOCUS:
107         SetFocus(GetDlgItem(hwnd, idFocus));
108         return 0;
109 
110         //on key-down message, possibly change the focus window
111     case WM_KEYDOWN:
112         x = idFocus & 0xff;
113         y = idFocus >> 8;
114 
115         switch (wParam)
116         {
117         case VK_UP:
118             --y;
119             break;
120 
121         case VK_DOWN:
122             ++y;
123             break;
124 
125         case VK_LEFT:
126             --x;
127             break;
128 
129         case VK_RIGHT:
130             ++x;
131             break;
132 
133         case VK_HOME:
134             x = y = 0;
135             break;
136 
137         case VK_END:
138             x = y = DIVISIONS - 1;
139             break;
140 
141         default:
142             return 0;
143         }
144 
145         x = (x + DIVISIONS) % DIVISIONS;
146         y = (y + DIVISIONS) % DIVISIONS;
147 
148         idFocus = y << 8 | x;
149         SetFocus(GetDlgItem(hwnd, idFocus));
150         return 0;
151 
152     case WM_DESTROY:
153         PostQuitMessage(0);
154         return 0;
155     }
156 
157     return DefWindowProc(hwnd, message, wParam, lParam);
158 }
159 
160 LRESULT CALLBACK ChildWndProc(HWND hwnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
161 {
162     HDC hdc;
163     PAINTSTRUCT ps;
164     RECT rect;
165 
166     switch (message)
167     {
168     case WM_CREATE:
169         SetWindowLong(hwnd, DWL_MSGRESULT, 0);    // on/off flag
170         return 0;
171 
172     case WM_KEYDOWN:
173         //send most key press to the parent window
174         if (wParam != VK_RETURN && wParam != VK_SPACE)
175         {
176             SendMessage(GetParent(hwnd), message, wParam, lParam);
177             return 0;
178         }
179 
180         //for Return and Space, fall through to toggle the square
181     case WM_LBUTTONDOWN:
182         SetWindowLong(hwnd, DWL_MSGRESULT, 1 ^ GetWindowLong(hwnd, DWL_MSGRESULT));
183         SetFocus(hwnd);
184         InvalidateRect(hwnd, &rect, FALSE);
185         return 0;
186 
187         //for focus message, invalidate the window for repaint
188     case WM_SETFOCUS:
189         idFocus = GetWindowLong(hwnd, GWL_ID);
190 
191         //fall through
192     case WM_KILLFOCUS:
193         InvalidateRect(hwnd, NULL, TRUE);
194         return 0;
195 
196     case WM_PAINT:
197         hdc = BeginPaint(hwnd, &ps);
198         
199         GetClientRect(hwnd, &rect);
200         Rectangle(hdc, 0, 0, rect.right, rect.bottom);
201 
202         //draw the "x" mark
203         if (GetWindowLong(hwnd, DWL_MSGRESULT))
204         {
205             MoveToEx(hdc, 0, 0, NULL);
206             LineTo(hdc, rect.right, rect.bottom);
207             MoveToEx(hdc, 0, rect.bottom, NULL);
208             LineTo(hdc, rect.right, 0);
209         }
210 
211         //draw the "focus" rectangle
212         if (hwnd == GetFocus())
213         {
214             rect.left += rect.right / 10;
215             rect.right -= rect.left;
216             rect.top += rect.bottom / 10;
217             rect.bottom -= rect.top;
218 
219             SelectObject(hdc, GetStockObject(NULL_BRUSH));
220             SelectObject(hdc, CreatePen(PS_DASH, 0, 0));
221             Rectangle(hdc, rect.left, rect.top, rect.right, rect.bottom);
222             DeleteObject(SelectObject(hdc, GetStockObject(BLACK_PEN)));
223         }
224 
225         EndPaint(hwnd, &ps);
226         return 0;
227     }
228 
229     return DefWindowProc(hwnd, message, wParam, lParam);
230 }

CHECKER4.C

 

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